How Different are FDI and FPI Flows?: Distance and Capital Market Integration
Ramkishen S. Rajan
George Mason University - School of Public Policy; Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore
September 1, 2011
Journal of Economic Integration, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 499-525, 2011
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy Research Paper No. PP11-29
The availability of bilateral capital flows between countries has given rise to a number of papers attempting to understand trends and determinants of capital flows between country pairs. Almost without exception, the papers find that the gravity model fits the data quite well. Specifically, while economic sizes of the host and source (measured by GDP, population etc) appear to positively impact bilateral flows in most cases, distance - broadly proxying some sort of transactions and / or information frictions - stands out as consistently hindering all types of capital flows. But does greater distance hinder both foreign portfolio investment (FPI) and foreign direct investment (FDI) flows equally? In other words, does distance change the composition of capital flows? This is the specific question that this paper focuses on, differentiating between total FDI, FDI via mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and FPI.
Keywords: distance, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI), gravity, Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As)
JEL Classification: F21, F21, F23Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: October 19, 2011 ; Last revised: November 9, 2011
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