Towards a Single Definition of Armed Conflict in International Humanitarian Law: A Critique of Internationalized Armed Conflict
James G. Stewart
UBC Faculty of Law; NYU Law School
June 30, 2003
International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 850, pp. 313-350, 2003
The Spanish version of this paper can be found at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1946417
The Russian version of this paper can be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2130805
The Arabic version of this paper can be found at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2130799
The strict division of international humanitarian law into rules applicable in international armed conflict and those relevant to armed conflicts not of an international nature is almost universally criticized. Even though attempts to abandon the distinction were made at every stage of negotiation of the Geneva Conventions and their Protocols, calls for a single body of international humanitarian law have since died out. This article revives those calls by highlighting the inadequacies of the current dichotomy’s treatment of internationalized armed conflicts, namely, armed conflicts that involve internal and international elements.
It concludes that the law developed to determine this “internationalization” has created convoluted tests that in practice are near impossible to apply. Even once internationalized, it is difficult to determine the applicable law as relationships and military presences change. Moreover, the international/non-international dichotomy in international humanitarian law has proved susceptible to incredible political manipulation, often at the expense of humanitarian protection. Further considerations of substantive aspects of a single law of armed conflict will be essential in the development of greater humanitarian protection during internationalized armed conflict.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 38
Keywords: Armed conflict, International Humanitarian Law, International LawAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: October 21, 2011 ; Last revised: August 18, 2012
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