Challenges for Quality Primary Education in Papua New Guinea – A Case Study
Prof. Ravinder Rena
University of the Western Cape; Polytechnic of Namibia; Papua New Guinea University of Technology
October 29, 2011
USA: Educational Research International, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-11, 2011
There is an urgent need to reform the educational system to achieve universal primary education in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Even after 35 years of Independence, PNG has been struggling to educate an estimated 2 million elementary and primary aged children and faces numerous challenges in providing Education for All (EFA). This study was conducted in four primary schools of Buma Yong area of Lae district of Morobe Province, PNG. The study revealed that the quality of education has been deteriorated over the past few decades. Many schools in PNG do not have classrooms, teachers, and basic facilities. As a result, the children loosing interest going to school. The children dropped out of school so as to assist their families in the household and agricultural activities. It also reveals that the dropout rate of girls is more than that of the boys due to the gender disparity in the country. The study recommended that budgetary allocations should be increased so as to improve the infrastructural facilities and encourage the children to attend primary school and thus achieve the Millennium Development Goal/Education For All in PNG.
Keywords: Primary Education, Quality of Education, Gender disparity, Curriculum, Human capital
JEL Classification: A20, I21, I22, I28Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: October 29, 2011
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