Aerosol Impacts on Climate and Biogeochemistry
Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Meteorology
Mark G. Flanner
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
Colette L. Heald
Colorado State University, Fort Collins
National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
University of California, Santa Cruz
Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol. 36, pp. 45-74, 2011
Aerosols are suspensions of solid and/or liquid particles in the atmosphere and modify atmospheric radiative fluxes and chemistry. Aerosols move mass from one part of the earth system to other parts of the earth system, thereby modifying biogeochemistry and the snow surface albedo. This paper reviews our understanding of the impacts of aerosols on climate through direct radiative changes, aerosol-cloud interactions (indirect effects), atmospheric chemistry, snow albedo, and land and ocean biogeochemistry. Aerosols play an important role in the preindustrial (natural) climate system and have been perturbed substantially over the anthropocene, often directly by human activity. The most important impacts of aerosols, in terms of climate forcing, are from the direct and indirect effects, with large uncertainties. Similarly large impacts of aerosols on land and ocean biogeochemistry have been estimated, but these have larger uncertainties.
Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: November 5, 2011
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