Interest Groups, Congress, and Federal Funding for Science
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business
Bhaven N. Sampat
Columbia University - Mailman School of Public Health
November 5, 2011
How do interest groups influence the allocation of public funds for science? This study analyzes the lobbying expenditures of disease advocates, “soft” earmarking by Congress, and funding for research on rare diseases by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) between 1998 and 2008. We find that Congressional earmarking for diseases responds to the lobbying expenditures of the disease advocates, and NIH’s peer reviewed funding responds to the earmarks associated with the lobbying expenditures. We also provide evidence suggesting that lobbying has an informational role, helping focus Congressional and agency attention on diseases with higher burden and greater scientific opportunity.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 51working papers series
Date posted: November 23, 2011 ; Last revised: March 15, 2012
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