Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1966113
 
 

References (133)



 


 



Preliminary Report on Race and Washington's Criminal Justice System


Robert S. Chang


Seattle University School of Law

November, 29 2011

Gonzaga Law Review, Forthcoming
Seattle University Law Review, Forthcoming
Washington Law Review, Forthcoming
Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 11-30

Abstract:     
In this report, forthcoming in the law reviews of all three of Washington’s law schools (Gonzaga Law Review, Seattle University Law Review, and Washington Law Review), we present our findings on racial disproportionality in Washington’s criminal justice system. In 1980, of all states, Washington had the highest rate of disproportionate minority representation in its prisons. Today, minority racial and ethnic groups remain disproportionately represented in Washington State‘s court, prison, and jail populations, relative to their share of the state‘s general population. The fact of racial and ethnic disproportionality in our criminal justice system is indisputable. Following an assertion attributed to a justice on the Washington Supreme Court – that African Americans are overrepresented in the prison population because they commit a disproportionate number of crimes – a task force on race and the criminal justice system was convened. Its research working group focused on trying to answer why these disproportionalities exist. We examined differential commission rates, facially neutral policies, and bias as possible contributing causes. We reviewed research that focused on particular areas of Washington‘s criminal justice system, and our report concludes that much of the disproportionality is explained by facially neutral policies that have racially disparate effects. We also found that disproportionality also is explained in part by the prevalence of racial bias – whether explicit or implicit – and the influence of bias on decision-making within the criminal justice system.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 84

Keywords: criminal justice system, racial disproportionality, police practices, pretrial detention, sentencing, explicit bias, implicit bias

Accepted Paper Series


Download This Paper

Date posted: November 29, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Chang, Robert S., Preliminary Report on Race and Washington's Criminal Justice System (November, 29 2011). Gonzaga Law Review, Forthcoming; Seattle University Law Review, Forthcoming; Washington Law Review, Forthcoming; Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 11-30. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1966113

Contact Information

Robert S. Chang (Contact Author)
Seattle University School of Law ( email )
901 12th Avenue, Sullivan Hall
P.O. Box 222000
Seattle, WA n/a 98122-1090
United States

Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 340
Downloads: 76
Download Rank: 188,041
References:  133

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo8 in 0.266 seconds