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http://ssrn.com/abstract=1970764
 
 

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Migration, Openness and the Global Preconditions of 'Smart Development'


Arno Tausch


Innsbruck University - Faculty of Political Science and Sociology - Department of Political Science; Corvinus University Budapest - Department of Economics; Vienna University; University of Fribourg, Switzerland

Almas Heshmati


Sogang University; Jönköping International Business School


IZA Discussion Paper No. 6169

Abstract:     
In this article, we present a first empirical reflection on 'smart development,' its measurement, possible 'drivers' and 'bottlenecks.' We first provide cross-national data on how much ecological footprint is used in the nations of the world system to 'deliver' a given amount of democracy, economic growth, gender equality, human development, research and development, and social cohesion. To this end, we first developed UNDP-type performance indicators on these six main dimensions of development and on their combined performance. We then show the non-linear regression trade-offs between ecological footprints per capita on these six dimensions of development and their combined performance index. The residuals from these regressions are our new measures of smart development: a country experiences smart development, if it achieves a maximum of development with a minimum of ecological footprint. We then look at the cross-national drivers and bottlenecks of this 'smart development' and compare their predictive power using stepwise regression procedures. Apart from important variables and indicators, derived from sociological dependency and world systems theories, we also test the predictive power of several other predictors as well. Our estimates underline the enormous importance of the transfer of resources from the center to the periphery, brought about by migration, with huge statistical observed positive effects of received worker remittances on smart human development, Happy Life Years, smart gender justice, smart R&D, and both formulations of the smart development index.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 66

Keywords: index numbers and aggregation, environment and development, environment and trade, smart development, sustainability, environmental accounts and accounting, environmental equity, population growth, international migration, remittances

JEL Classification: C43, F22, F24, Q56

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Date posted: December 11, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Tausch, Arno and Heshmati , Almas, Migration, Openness and the Global Preconditions of 'Smart Development'. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6169. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1970764

Contact Information

Arno Tausch (Contact Author)
Innsbruck University - Faculty of Political Science and Sociology - Department of Political Science ( email )
A-6020 Innsbruck, A-6020
Austria
Corvinus University Budapest - Department of Economics ( email )
Budapest H-1093
Hungary
Vienna University ( email )
Universitätsstrasse 7
Vienna, Vienna 1010
Austria
University of Fribourg, Switzerland ( email )
Avenue de l'Europe 20
CH-1700 Fribourg
Switzerland
Almas Heshmati
Sogang University ( email )
Seoul 121-742
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
0082-2-705-8771 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.sogang.ac.kr/english/academic/03_under_0123.html
Jönköping International Business School ( email )
Jönköping, 551 11
Sweden
Feedback to SSRN


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