Testing the ‘Residential Rootedness' - Hypothesis of Self-Employment for Germany and the UK
University of Southampton
Maarten van Ham
Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
SOEPpaper No. 413-2011
Based on the notion that entrepreneurship is a ‘local event,’ the literature argues that self-employed workers and entrepreneurs are ‘rooted’ in place. This paper tests the ‘residential rootedness’-hypothesis of self-employment by examining for Germany and the UK whether the self-employed are less likely to move or migrate than employees. Using longitudinal data from the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP) and the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) and accounting for transitions in employment status we found little evidence that the self-employed in Germany and the UK are more rooted in place than employees. Firstly, the self-employed are not less likely to move or migrate over the period 2001-08. Secondly, those who are currently self-employed are also not more likely to have remained in the same place over a period of three years (2008-06 and 2005-03) as compared to those who are currently employed. Thirdly, those who are continuously self-employed are not less likely to have moved or migrated over a 3-period than those in continuous paid employment. Fourthly, in contrast to the prevalent ‘residential rootedness’-hypothesis in economic geography and regional studies, we found that the entry into and the exit from self-employment are associated with internal migration.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 20
Keywords: self-employment, migration, residential mobility, rootedness hypothesis, UK, Germany
JEL Classification: D22, J61, J62, L26
Date posted: December 20, 2011
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