The Language Effect in International Trade: A Meta-Analysis
KOF Swiss Economic Institute
December 22, 2011
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3682
Gravity models of international trade have been frequently applied to estimate the impact of common (official or spoken) language on bilateral trade. This study provides a meta-analysis based on 701 language effects collected from 81 academic articles. On average, a common (official or spoken) language increases trade flows directly by 44%.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 11
Keywords: common language, gravity, international trade, trade costs
JEL Classification: C210, O400, H540, R110working papers series
Date posted: December 22, 2011
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