Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=199894
 
 

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The 'Sraffian' Critique of General Equilibrium Theory, and the Classical-Keynesian Alternative


Fabio Petri


University of Siena - Department of Economics

July 1999


Abstract:     
The paper surveys the criticisms of general equilibrium theory advanced by Sraffian authors in the last twenty-five years. It is argued that an important change undergone by general equilibrium theory, from long-period versions to neo-Walrasian versions, has made it very difficult for neoclassical theorist to grasp the importance of the critique of the conception of capital as a single factor. This conception was indispensable to neoclassical long-period equilibria, i.e. equilibria reachable through time-consuming disequilibrium. Neo-Walrasian models are argued to be unable to indicate the tendencies of economies where adjustments to equilibrium are not instantaneous. They are shown to provide no foundation for neoclassical macroeconomics; these foundations lie on the contrary in the conception of capital as a single factor. In the second part of the paper it is argued that a solid alternative to the neoclassical approach exists already: the classical approach to wages and the Keynesian approach to employment and growth.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 64

JEL Classification: D50, E11, E22

working papers series


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Date posted: May 21, 2000  

Suggested Citation

Petri, Fabio, The 'Sraffian' Critique of General Equilibrium Theory, and the Classical-Keynesian Alternative (July 1999). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=199894 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.199894

Contact Information

Fabio Petri (Contact Author)
University of Siena - Department of Economics ( email )
Piazza S. Francesco, 7
Siena, I-53100
Italy
+39 05 77232615 (Phone)
+39 05 77232661 (Fax)
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