Cause-Specific Neonatal Deaths: Levels, Trend and Determinants in Rural Bangladesh, 1987-2005
Tilburg University - Center and Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
Govert E. Bijwaard
Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI); Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Arthur Van Soest
RAND Corporation; Netspar; Tilburg University; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
February 16, 2012
CentER Discussion Paper Series No. 2012-016
Reducing neonatal mortality is a particularly important issue in Bangladesh. We employ a competing risks model incorporating both observed and unobserved heterogeneity and allowing the heterogeneity terms for various causes to be correlated. Data come from the Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), Matlab. The results confirm the general conclusion on levels, trends and patterns of causes of neonatal deaths in the existing literature, but also reveal some remarkable socioeconomic differences in the risks of cause specific deaths. Deaths due to low birth weight and other causes (sudden infant death, unspecified or specified) are better explained from the socio-economic co-variates than deaths due to neonatal infections or obstetric complications. The analysis highlights the role of maternal and child health interventions (particularly tetanus toxoid immunization for pregnant women, nutrition programs, and high coverage health services: distance to nearest health centre). Policies that increase quality and equity in child births may help to further reduce neonatal mortality.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 43
Keywords: millennium development goals, neonatal deaths, competing risks models
JEL Classification: I15, C41working papers series
Date posted: February 17, 2012
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo1 in 0.515 seconds