Effects of Comprehensive-Income Characteristics on Nonprofessional Investors' Judgments: The Role of Financial-Statement Format
Laureen A. Maines
Indiana University Bloomington - Department of Accounting; PricewaterhouseCoopers
Linda S. McDaniel
University of Kentucky - Von Allmen School of Accountancy
Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 130 requires companies to report comprehensive income in a primary financial statement, but allows its presentation in either a statement of comprehensive income or a statement of stockholders' equity. In an experiment, we examine whether and how alternative presentation formats affect nonprofessional investors' processing of comprehensive-income information, specifically, information disclosing the volatility of unrealized gains on available-for-sale securities. The results show that investors' judgments of corporate and management performance reflect the volatility of comprehensive income only when it is presented in a statement of comprehensive income. We provide evidence consistent with our psychology-based framework that these findings occur because format affects how nonprofessional investors weight comprehensive-income information and not whether they acquire this information or how they evaluate it.
Key Words: Comprehensive income; Nonprofessional investors; Presentation format; Volatility
Number of Pages in PDF File: 48
JEL Classification: M41, M44working papers series
Date posted: June 27, 2000
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