Direct Redistribution, Taxation, and Accountability in Oil-Rich Economies: A Proposal
World Bank Middle East and North Africa Region
World Bank; Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne
Tuan Minh Le
December 20, 2011
Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 281
To enhance efficiency of public spending in oil-rich economies, this paper proposes that some of the oil revenues be transferred directly to citizens, and then taxed to finance public expenditures. The argument is that spending that is financed by taxation — rather than by resource revenues accruing directly to the government — is more likely to be scrutinized by citizens and hence subject to greater efficiency. We develop the case as follows: First, we confirm that public expenditure efficiency is lower in oil-rich countries compared with other developing countries. Second, we develop a theoretical model to explain why citizens’ scrutiny over public expenditure can be increased by transferring oil revenues to citizens and then taxing them. By receiving transfers and then paying taxes, citizens are better informed about the level of government revenue, and they have an incentive to ensure that their taxes are spent on public goods. Third, we show empirically that enhanced citizens’ scrutiny is associated with more efficient government spending decisions and that accountability is stronger in countries that rely more on taxation to finance public spending. We conclude that, while it may be difficult to implement such a proposal in existing oil producers, there is scope for introducing it in some of Africa’s new oil producers.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 27
Keywords: oil, taxation, redistribution of oil revenues, accountability
JEL Classification: Q32, Q33, H20, H23
Date posted: February 23, 2012
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