Markets, Hierarchies, Networks, Districts: A Cybernetic Approach
University of L'Aquila
February 26, 2012
Human Systems Management, Vol. 18, pp. 71-86, 1999
IDs are regional hyper-networks that survived the socioeconomic evolution of modern capitalism. The also promise to succeed in the coming post-Fordist development. Italian experience has shown that industrial districts are highly important, perform successfully, and are increasing their survival rates. Beyond definition problems, they are multi-dimensional, complex, and adaptive systems. They can be replicated elsewhere and, regardless of the contingent triggering factors, can grow and change their early imprinting features. Cybernetics offers a sound theoretical basis for understanding the key concepts and redirecting industrial policy interventions.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 16
Keywords: complexity, cybernetics, flexibility, hierarchy, identity, industrial district, industrial policy, Italy, market, network, organization
JEL Classification: A12, L14, R12, R58Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: February 26, 2012
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