Can Institutional Reform Reduce Job Destruction and Unemployment Duration? Yes it Can
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
University of Mannheim
IMF Working Paper No. NO.12/54
We read search theory's unemployment equilibrium condition as an Iso-Unemployment Curve(IUC).The IUC is the locus of job destruction rates and expected unemployment durations rendering the same unemployment level. A country's position along the curve reveals its preferences over the destruction-duration mix, while its distance from the origin indicates the unemployment level at which such preferences are satisfied Using a panel of 20 OECD countries over 1985-2008, we find employment protection legislation to have opposing efects on destructions and durations, while the effects of the remaining key institutional factors on both variables tend to reinforce each other. Implementing the right reforms could reduce job destruction rates by about 0.05 to 0.25 percentage points and shorten unemployment spells by around 10 to 60 days. Consistent with this, unemployment rates would decline by between 0.75 and 5.5 percentage points, depending on a country's starting position.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 25
Keywords: Search Model, Labor Market Institutions, Unemployment Inflows, Unemployment Duration, Economic Models, Labor Market Policy, Labor Market Reforms, Oecd
JEL Classification: E24, J30, J60
Date posted: February 28, 2012
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