Household Debt and Social Interactions
Deutsche Bundesbank - Economic Research Centre; University of Leicester; Center for Financial Studies (CFS)
Goethe University Frankfurt - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration; Goethe University Frankfurt - Center for Financial Studies (CFS); Goethe University Frankfurt - Research Center SAFE; Goethe University Frankfurt - House of Finance; CEPR
Ca Foscari University of Venice - Department of Economics; Netspar; University of Venice - SSAV
December 6, 2013
Can concern with relative standing, which has been shown to influence consumption and labor supply, also increase borrowing and the likelihood of financial distress? We find that perceived peer income contributes to debt and the likelihood of financial distress among those who consider themselves poorer than their peers. We use unique responses describing perceived peer characteristics from a Dutch population-wide survey to handle major challenges of uncovering social interaction effects on borrowing: (i) debts, unlike conspicuous consumption, are often hidden from peers, and (ii) location is missing in anonymized data. We employ several approaches to uncover exogenous, rather than correlated, effects.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 48
Keywords: Household finance, household debt, social interactions, mortgages, consumer credit, informal loans
JEL Classification: G11, E21
Date posted: March 2, 2012 ; Last revised: December 9, 2013
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