The Completion Behaviour of Registered Apprentices: Who Continues, Who Quits, and Who Completes Programs?
University of Lethbridge
March 28, 2011
Statistics Canada Analytical Branch Studies Working Paper No. 333
The number of registered apprentices in Canada more than doubled between 1995 and 2007, yet successful completion of apprenticeship programs increased by only about one-third as much. Uncovering the factors related to low completion rates is a necessary first step to ensuring that today’s skilled labour is replaced in the future. This study utilizes the 2007 National Apprenticeship Survey (NAS) to investigate the completion behaviour of individuals enrolled in apprenticeship programs. These behaviours include continuing, discontinuing (or quitting), and completing programs. The NAS contains detailed demographic information regarding respondents’ backgrounds and the characteristics of apprenticeship programs. The results show that program completion is positively related to a variety of demographic characteristics, including being married and having completed at least a high school education prior to beginning an apprenticeship. Males and females have similar completion probabilities. Completion is negatively related to time in the apprenticeship program (beyond the normal program length) and the number of employers during training. Type of technical training and having a journey person always present enhance the probability of completion. The regional unemployment rate has little effect on whether an individual completes an apprenticeship program or not. There are also large provincial and trade group differences.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 40
Keywords: education, training, learning, educational attainment, completion behaviour, apprenticeship programs, registered apprentices, trades, unemployment rate
JEL Classification: I2, J31, M53, E24, J6working papers series
Date posted: March 4, 2012
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