The NFL, Intellectual Property, and the Conquest of Sports Media
Eric E. Johnson
University of North Dakota School of Law; Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society
North Dakota Law Review, Vol. 86, No. 4, p. 760, 2010
This article explores how the National Football League (NFL) has used assertions of intellectual property to control media coverage of its activities and events. Some history is uncovered, including the NFL’s project of wresting copyright ownership to televised game coverage away from the broadcast television networks. Also reviewed is the NFL’s spurious claims of copyright ownership over footage shot by third persons. The article further explains how the NFL has, in recent years, begun to use press accreditation as a way to gain copyright ownership over news-media footage and to eliminate competition with the NFL’s own web and television media businesses. It is concluded that the NFL’s press policies and its assertions of intellectual property ownership represent a threat to press freedoms of the sports and news media.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 29
Keywords: NFL, football, copyright, press, media, sports
JEL Classification: L41Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: March 6, 2012
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