Inside the Black Box of Ability Peer Effects: Evidence from Variation in the Proportion of Low Achievers in the Classroom
M. Daniele Paserman
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); University of Warwick - Department of Economics
Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics
The Economic Journal, Vol. 122, Issue 559, pp. 208-237, 2012
We estimate the extent of ability peer effects and explore the mechanisms through which they operate. Using within‐school variation in the proportion of low‐ability students in Israeli schools, we find that the proportion of low‐ability peers has a negative effect on the performance of regular students. An exploration of the underlying mechanisms show that, relative to regular students, low‐ability students report higher levels of satisfaction with their teachers. However, a higher proportion of low‐ability students has detrimental effects on teachers’ pedagogical practices and on the quality of inter‐student and student–teacher relationships, and increases the level of violence and classroom disruptions.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 30Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: March 6, 2012
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