The Effects of Personality Traits on Adult Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from Siblings
Jason M. Fletcher
University of Wisconsin - Madison - Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs; Yale University - School of Public Health
IZA Discussion Paper No. 6391
While large literatures have shown that cognitive ability and schooling increases employment and wages, an emerging literature examines the importance of so-called "non-cognitive skills" in producing labor market outcomes. However, this smaller literature has not typically used causal methods in estimating the results. One source of heterogeneity that may play an important role in producing both personality and other non-cognitive skills and labor market outcomes is family background, including genetic endowments. This paper is the first to use sibling differences to estimate the effects of personality on employment and wages and is also able to control for many other sources of heterogeneity, including attractiveness, cognitive ability, schooling, occupation, and other factors. Overall, the findings suggest that personality measures are important determinants of labor market outcomes in adulthood and that the results vary considerably by demographic group. The findings also highlight the potential role of extraversion in leading to favorable labor market outcomes, which has not been documented in many other studies.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 25
Keywords: personality, wages, sibling fixed effects
JEL Classification: J24, J31
Date posted: March 10, 2012
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