Compulsory Schooling Reforms, Education and Mortality in Twentieth Century Europe
Alfred-Weber Institut; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
University of Mannheim - Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA); German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)
University of Mannheim - Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging (MEA)
March 12, 2012
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3755
Education yields substantial non-monetary benefits, but the size of these gains is still debated. Previous studies, for example, report contradictory effects of education and compulsory schooling on mortality - ranging from zero to large mortality reductions. Using data from 19 compulsory schooling reforms implemented in Europe during the twentieth century, we quantify the mean mortality effect and explore its dispersion across gender, time and countries. We find that men benefit from compulsory education both in the shorter and longer run. In contrast, compulsory schooling reforms have little or no effect on mortality for women.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 46
Keywords: compulsory schooling, education, mortality, Europe
JEL Classification: I120, I210, I280
Date posted: March 12, 2012
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