When Smaller Menus are Better: Variability in Menu-Setting Ability
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Bank of Canada
December 14, 2012
Are large menus better than small menus? Recent literature argues that individuals' apparent preference for smaller menus can be explained by choosers' behavioral biases or informational limitations. These explanations imply that absent behavioral or informational effects, larger menus would be objectively better. However, in an important economic context -- 401(k) pension plans -- we find that larger menus are objectively worse than smaller menus, as measured by the maximum Sharpe ratio achievable. We propose a model in which menu setters differ in their ability to pre-select the menu. We show that when the cost of increasing the menu size is sufficiently small, a lower-ability menu setter optimally offers more items in the menu than a higher-ability menu setter. Nevertheless, the menu optimally offered by a higher-ability menu setter remains superior. This results in a negative relation between menu size and menu quality: smaller menus are better than larger menus.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 32
Keywords: menu, menu setting, choice, pension plans, 401(k)
JEL Classification: D01, G23working papers series
Date posted: March 17, 2012 ; Last revised: December 22, 2012
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