Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2026540
 


 



Implicit Bias in the Courtroom


Jerry Kang


University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law

Mark W. Bennett


U.S. District Court (Northern District of Iowa)

Devon W. Carbado


University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law

Pamela Casey


affiliation not provided to SSRN

Nilanjana Dasgupta


University of Massachusetts at Amherst - Psychology

David L. Faigman


University of California Hastings College of the Law

Rachel D. Godsil


Seton Hall University - School of Law

Anthony G. Greenwald


University of Washington

Justin D. Levinson


University of Hawaii at Manoa - William S. Richardson School of Law

Jennifer Mnookin


University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law

March 20, 2012

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 5, 2012
UCLA School of Law Research Paper

Abstract:     
Given the substantial and growing scientific literature on implicit bias, the time has now come to confront a critical question: What, if anything, should we do about implicit bias in the courtroom? The author team comprises legal academics, scientists, researchers, and even a sitting federal judge who seek to answer this question in accordance with “behavioral realism.” The Article first provides a succinct scientific introduction to implicit bias, with some important theoretical clarifications that distinguish between explicit, implicit, and structural forms of bias. Next, the article applies the science to two trajectories of bias relevant to the courtroom. One story follows a criminal defendant path; the other story follows a civil employment discrimination path. This application involves not only a focused scientific review but also a step-by-step examination of how criminal and civil trials proceed. Finally, the Article examines various concrete intervention strategies to counter implicit biases for key players in the justice system, such as the judge and jury.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 63

Keywords: implicit bias, IAT, implicit association test, behavioral realism, jury bias, judicial bias, debiasing, police, Iqbal, merit, discrimination

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Date posted: March 21, 2012 ; Last revised: November 12, 2012

Suggested Citation

Kang, Jerry and Bennett, Mark W. and Carbado, Devon W. and Casey, Pamela and Dasgupta, Nilanjana and Faigman, David L. and Godsil, Rachel D. and Greenwald, Anthony G. and Levinson, Justin D. and Mnookin, Jennifer, Implicit Bias in the Courtroom (March 20, 2012). UCLA Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 5, 2012; UCLA School of Law Research Paper. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2026540

Contact Information

Jerry Kang (Contact Author)
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law ( email )
385 Charles E. Young Dr. East
Room 1242
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1476
United States
310-206-7298 (Phone)
310-206-7010 (Fax)
Mark W. Bennett
U.S. District Court (Northern District of Iowa) ( email )
111 7th Ave SE.
Cedar Rapids, IA 52401
United States
Devon W. Carbado
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law ( email )
385 Charles E. Young Dr. East
Room 1242
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1476
United States
310-825-3365 (Phone)
310-825-6023 (Fax)
Pamela Casey
affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )
Nilanjana Dasgupta
University of Massachusetts at Amherst - Psychology ( email )
Amherst, MA 01003
United States
David L. Faigman
University of California Hastings College of the Law ( email )
200 McAllister Street
San Francisco, CA 94102
United States

Rachel D. Godsil
Seton Hall University - School of Law ( email )
One Newark Center
Newark, NJ 07102-5210
United States
Anthony G. Greenwald
University of Washington ( email )
NE Colombia Rd.
Seattle, WA 98195
United States
Justin D. Levinson
University of Hawaii at Manoa - William S. Richardson School of Law ( email )
2515 Dole Street
Honolulu, HI 96822
United States
Jennifer L. Mnookin
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law ( email )
385 Charles E. Young Dr. East
Room 1242
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1476
United States
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