The Long-Term Cognitive Consequences of Early Childhood Malnutrition: The Case of Famine in Ghana
Samuel Kofi Ampaabeng
IMPAQ International, LLC; Clark University - Department of Economics
Chih Ming Tan
University of North Dakota
May 11, 2013
Journal of Health Economics, 32(6), p. 1013-1027, 2013.
We examine the role of early childhood health in human capital accumulation. Using a unique data set from Ghana with comprehensive information on individual, family, community, school quality characteristics and a direct measure of intelligence together with test scores, we examine the long term cognitive effects of the 1983 famine on survivors. We show that differences in intelligence test scores can be robustly explained by the differential impact of the famine in different parts of the country and children under two years during the famine were most adversely affected. We also account for model uncertainty by using Bayesian Model Averaging.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 58
Keywords: cognitive development, early childhood malnutrition, famine, Bayesian model averaging, Ghana
JEL Classification: C11, C26, C52, I15, I25, O12, O15, O55Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: March 27, 2012 ; Last revised: October 24, 2013
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