Inward FDI in Taiwan and its Policy Context
Victor Zitian Chen
University of North Carolina, Charlotte; Columbia University
Ming Sung Kao
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Fu Jen Catholic University
March 26, 2012
Columbia FDI Profiles, 2012
Taiwan has long maintained an explicit policy of attracting inward foreign direct investment (IFDI) as part of its growth strategy, although inflows have been subject to various restrictions. The primary objective of Taiwan’s stance toward FDI was initially to attract export-oriented investment based upon the competitiveness of its highly educated and productive labor force. More recently, this objective has been modified to focus on attracting FDI into increasingly technology-intensive areas and to encourage or promote domestic technological spillovers. In recent years, although Taiwan’s IFDI stock has more than tripled, from US $20 billion in 2000 to US $64 billion in 2010, it remains a relatively small recipient compared with its neighboring economies in the Asia-Pacific region. Annual IFDI flows to Taiwan have been in single-digit US $ billion during 2000-2010, with a peak of US $7 billion in 2007 followed by a steady decline during 2008-2010. In 2010, Taiwan received inward FDI of US $2 billion only. It is, however, generally seen that the release of prohibition against mainland China investors on June 30, 2009, and the newly signed landmark cross-strait Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA) on June 30, 2010 will reinforce Taiwan’s robust investment climate and stimulate IFDI.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 16
Keywords: Taiwan, FDI, Policy
JEL Classification: F21, F23, O1, R58Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: March 26, 2012
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