Science, Technology and Innovation Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean During the Past Six Decades
Guillermo Andrés Lemarchand
United Nations - Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Division of Science Policy and Capacity Building
April 5, 2010
Science Policy Studies and Documents in LAC, vol. 1, National Science, Technology and Innovation Systems in LAC, G.A. Lemarchand (editor), pp.15-140, UNESCO, Montevideo, 2010
We present a review of the science, technology and innovation (STI) policies applied in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) between 1945 and 2010. We show the long term evolution of economic and social indicators in correspondence with STI input and output indicators. We describe the role of the Regional Bureau for Science of UNESCO for LAC during this period. A description of the institutional behavior of STI governing bodies at LAC countries over 65 years is presented. We introduce strong evidences for the existence of a long-wave behavior expressed by two techno-economic paradigms for the organization of STI policies in the region.The first one is associated with the linear model of science proposed by V. Bush while the second one is associated with the 1999 World Conference of Science Framework for Action. We analyze the recent cooperation strategies related with STI policies in LAC.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 123
Keywords: research, innovation, indicators, techno-economic paradigms, science, technology, Latin America and the Caribbean, UNESCO
JEL Classification: O10, O21, O31, O32, O33, O34, O38, N86, C42, I28, I30, L16, N36, Q16Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: April 5, 2012
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