A Back-Door Brain Drain
University of Bonn; University of Klagenfurt; University of Vienna; University of Warsaw; University of Tuebingen; Georgetown University
University of Warsaw - Faculty of Economic Sciences
April 1, 2012
ZEF-Discussion Papers on Development Policy No. 164
In this paper we study the impact of the international migration of unskilled workers on skill formation and the average skill level in the home country. We analyze what appears to be the least threatening scenario from the point of view of its effect on the supply of skills at home: namely, migration exclusively by unskilled workers. Somewhat surprisingly, we find that even without the departure of skilled workers, the home country suffers reduced aggregate skill formation. Although as a response to a higher wage rate per unit of human capital in the new equilibrium skilled workers choose to accumulate more human capital than before the opening up to migration of unskilled workers, the number and share of skilled workers in the home country’s workforce fall. The combined effect is a decrease in the average level of human capital in the home country.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 15
Keywords: Migration of unskilled workers, Human capital formation, Depletion of human capital
JEL Classification: F22, J24, O15Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: April 10, 2012
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