Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2037842
 
 

References (29)



 


 



Compulsory Schooling Laws and School Crime: Are Delinquents Incapacitated?


Gregory Gilpin


Montana State University - Bozeman

Luke Pennig


Montana State University - Bozeman

January 9, 2013


Abstract:     
Minimum dropout age (MDA) laws have been touted as effective policies to bring dropouts off streets and into classrooms. One question to better understand the costs and benefits of these laws is: to what extent do MDA laws displace crime from streets to schools? This research expands the compulsory schooling literature and extends the sparse research on in-school crime by studying how MDA laws affect crimes committed in U.S. public high schools.

The analysis is conducted using a difference-in-difference estimator exploiting variation in state-level MDA laws over time. The results indicate that an increase in the MDA to 18 significantly increases in-school crime by 0.434 incidences per 1,000 students or a 6.2% increase. Analyzing specific crime types, the results find that attacks without a weapon, threats without a weapon, and illegal drug incidences increase by 0.627, 0.588 and 0.437 incidences (or 12.2%, 36.3%, and 43.4% increase), respectively. An increase in the MDA to 17 is found to have no effect on in-school crime. The results are robust across different socioeconomic student bodies and control groups. Lastly, we find that in-school crime prevention resources do not increase with an increase in the MDA, but that utilization rates of suspensions and expulsions change in the direction of fortifying state policymakers efforts to keep juveniles in schools.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 36

Keywords: Compulsory Schooling Laws, Minimum Dropout Ages, In-School Crime, Crime, Juvenile Crime, Delinquents, Education, Difference-in-Difference

JEL Classification: I21, K42

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: April 10, 2012 ; Last revised: January 10, 2013

Suggested Citation

Gilpin, Gregory and Pennig, Luke, Compulsory Schooling Laws and School Crime: Are Delinquents Incapacitated? (January 9, 2013). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2037842 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2037842

Contact Information

Gregory Gilpin (Contact Author)
Montana State University - Bozeman ( email )
Bozeman, MT 59717-2920
United States
406 551 4887 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.montana.edu/econ/gilpin
Luke Pennig
Montana State University - Bozeman ( email )
Bozeman, MT 59717-2920
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 344
Downloads: 30
References:  29

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo3 in 0.359 seconds