Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2039639
 


 



The Effect of Teacher Gender on Student Achievement in Primary School: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment


Heather Antecol


Claremont Colleges - Robert Day School of Economics and Finance; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Ozkan Eren


Southern Methodist University (SMU) - Department of Economics

Serkan Ozbeklik


Claremont McKenna College; Claremont McKenna College


IZA Discussion Paper No. 6453

Abstract:     
This paper attempts to reconcile the contradictory results found in the economics literature and the educational psychology literature with respect to the academic impact of gender dynamics in the classroom. Specifically, using data from a randomized experiment, we look at the effects of having a female teacher on the math test scores of students in primary school. We find that female students who were assigned to a female teacher without a strong math background suffered from lower math test scores at the end of the academic year. This negative effect however not only seems to disappear but it becomes (marginally) positive for female students who were assigned to a female teacher with a strong math background. Finally, we do not find any effect of having a female teacher on male students' test scores (math or reading) or female students' reading test scores. Taken together, our results tentatively suggest that the findings in these two streams of the literature are in fact consistent if one takes into account a teacher's academic background in math.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 38

Keywords: teacher gender, student achievement, random assignment

JEL Classification: I21, J24

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Date posted: April 14, 2012  

Suggested Citation

Antecol, Heather and Eren, Ozkan and Ozbeklik, Serkan, The Effect of Teacher Gender on Student Achievement in Primary School: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6453. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2039639

Contact Information

Heather Antecol (Contact Author)
Claremont Colleges - Robert Day School of Economics and Finance ( email )
500 E. Ninth Street
Claremont, CA 91711
United States
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Ozkan Eren
Southern Methodist University (SMU) - Department of Economics ( email )
Dallas, TX 75275
United States
(214) 768-3957 (Phone)
(214) 768-1821 (Fax)
Serkan Ozbeklik
Claremont McKenna College ( email )
500 E. Ninth Street
Claremont, CA 91711
United States
Claremont McKenna College ( email )
Robert Day School of Economics and Finance
Claremont, CA 91711
United States
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