Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2042059
 


 



Pay Structure, Female Representation and the Gender Pay Gap Among University Professors


Christine Doucet


University of Montreal - Department of Sociology

Claire Durand


University of Montreal

Michael R. Smith


McGill University - Department of Sociology

March 15, 2012

Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, Vol. 67, No. 1, 2012

Abstract:     
In this case study of faculty at a large Canadian research university we examine the extent to which the gender pay gap varies with the formalization of remuneration practices and female representation within units.

We estimate the respective contributions to the gender pay gap of base pay, access to the rank of full professor, access to and amounts of market supplements, and Canada Research Chairs. These remuneration components differ in their degree of formalization. We also examine variations in the gender pay gap across departments with different proportions of females. The use of multilevel analysis allows for the estimation of the respective contributions of individual and institutional determinants of pay.

Mixed support is found for the first hypothesis – that the magnitude of the gap varies with the degree of formalization in remuneration components. The second hypothesis that, all else being equal, the level of female representation in a given context is negatively related to remuneration is supported. Overall, the results are consistent with continuing female pay disadvantage, even in an ostensibly ‘progressive’ institutional context.

Keywords: gender pay gap, organization, pay structure, female representation

JEL Classification: J16, M52

Accepted Paper Series


Not Available For Download

Date posted: April 18, 2012  

Suggested Citation

Doucet, Christine and Durand, Claire and Smith, Michael R., Pay Structure, Female Representation and the Gender Pay Gap Among University Professors (March 15, 2012). Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, Vol. 67, No. 1, 2012. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2042059

Contact Information

Christine Doucet (Contact Author)
University of Montreal - Department of Sociology ( email )
C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville
Montreal, QUÉBEC H3C3J7
Canada
Claire Durand
University of Montreal ( email )
C.P. 6128 succursale Centre-ville
Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7
Canada
Michael R. Smith
McGill University - Department of Sociology ( email )
Canada
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