Dynamic Agency and the Q Theory of Investment
Peter M. DeMarzo
Stanford Graduate School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Michael J. Fishman
Kellogg School of Management - Department of Finance
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business, and NBER
Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics
April 29, 2012
Journal of Finance, Forthcoming
We develop an analytically-tractable model integrating the dynamic theory of investment with dynamic optimal incentive contracting, thereby endogenizing financing constraints. Incentive contracting generates a history-dependent wedge between marginal and average q, and both vary over time as good (bad) performance relaxes (tightens) financing constraints. Financial slack, not cash flow, is the appropriate proxy for financing constraints. Investment decreases with firm-specific risk, and is positively correlated with past profits, past investment, and managerial compensation even with time-invariant investment opportunities. Optimal contracting involves deferred compensation; possible termination; and compensation that depends on exogenous observable persistent profitability shocks, effectively paying managers for luck.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 70
Date posted: April 30, 2012
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