Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2053514
 
 

Footnotes (123)



 


 



Goodyear, 'Home,' and the Uncertain Future of Doing Business Jurisdiction


Meir Feder


Jones Day

May 7, 2012

South Carolina Law Review, Vol. 63, No. 3, p. 671, 2012

Abstract:     
The general jurisdiction decision Goodyear Dunlop Tires Operations, S.A. v. Brown, received relatively little attention when it was handed down on the final day of the Supreme Court’s October 2010 Term, but it will likely have far-reaching effects on both the doctrine and theory of general jurisdiction. Goodyear added what appears to be a significant new hurdle, requiring that the defendant corporation’s “affiliations” with the forum state be sufficient “to render [it] essentially at home in the forum State.” This standard undermines a great deal of lower court authority, and in particular seems inconsistent with the notion — widely accepted in lower court cases, though never endorsed by the Supreme Court — that a corporation is subject to general jurisdiction wherever it is “doing business.”

This article argues that Goodyear casts significant doubt on the ongoing validity of doing business jurisdiction, and in doing so goes a long way toward putting general jurisdiction, for the first time, on a solid theoretical footing. In particular, it contends that doing business jurisdiction, contrary to common assumptions, has no meaningful historical pedigree, and that it cannot be justified under any cogent jurisdictional theory. Because general jurisdiction by definition involves claims that are unrelated to the state, it can be justified only when the defendant is so closely tied to the state as to create legitimate authority over all of the defendant’s worldwide conduct. Such all-encompassing authority has traditionally been recognized only with respect to a state’s citizens or residents — an understanding that corresponds well with the Court’s new limitation of general jurisdiction to where the defendant is “at home.” Merely doing business in a state gives the state legitimate authority over the in-state conduct, but no legitimate interest in asserting authority over activities unrelated to the state. Such authority is, and should be, reserved for circumstances in which the forum state can fairly be regarded as the corporation’s home.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 25

Keywords: Goodyear, Brown, personal jurisdiction, general jurisdiction, doing business, Ginsburg, due process

JEL Classification: K4, K40, K41

Accepted Paper Series


Download This Paper

Date posted: May 8, 2012 ; Last revised: June 1, 2012

Suggested Citation

Feder, Meir, Goodyear, 'Home,' and the Uncertain Future of Doing Business Jurisdiction (May 7, 2012). South Carolina Law Review, Vol. 63, No. 3, p. 671, 2012. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2053514

Contact Information

Meir Feder (Contact Author)
Jones Day ( email )
222 E. 41 St.
New York, NY 10017
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 411
Downloads: 52
Download Rank: 219,543
Footnotes:  123

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo3 in 0.391 seconds