Durations between Equity and Debt Issues and their Effect on the Offering Announcement Returns
University of Manchester - Manchester Business School
University of Liverpool
May 4, 2012
This study examines (1) how durations between equity and debt issues change over the corporate lifecycle, (2) the factors that explain the time between equity and debt offerings, and (3) the relation between the price reaction to equity and debt issue announcements and durations between offerings. We report that after the Initial Public Offering (IPO), the first seasoned equity issue is quicker than the first seasoned debt issue. However, for subsequent seasoned offerings, debt issues are quicker than equity. Using duration analysis, we show that shorter durations between equity and debt issues are explained by stock mispricing, VC-backing of the stock at the IPO, measures of information asymmetry, stock liquidity, deviations from target leverage, return volatility, financing gap, firm investments and the choice of public vs. private placement. Investors react more unfavorably to equity and debt issues that follow closely from the previous offering. This reflects that investors understand that low quality issuers, such as firms with higher information asymmetry and stock mispricing, are more likely to quickly issue equity and debt following the previous capital acquisition. Together, our study shows that duration between equity and debt issues signals issuer quality and that investors discount this information in the stock price at the equity and debt issue announcements.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 46
Keywords: seasoned equity and debt offerings, duration analysis
JEL Classification: G30, G32, C41working papers series
Date posted: May 9, 2012 ; Last revised: September 12, 2012
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