Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2067220
 
 

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Religion, Race and the Fourth Estate: Xenophobia in the Media Ten Years after 9/11


Jonathan C. Augustine


United Theological Seminary

Roslyn Satchel Augustine


affiliation not provided to SSRN

May 26, 2012

Tennessee Journal of Race, Gender & Social Justice, Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 1-56, 2012

Abstract:     
September 11, 2011 marked the tenth anniversary of the most horrific attacks in the United States. In the decade after the September 11, 2001 attacks (9/11), matters of race and religion maintained an awkwardly prominent role in American culture, with the media arguably fueling perceptions. This interdisciplinary Article’s thesis is that media elites, most of which are large corporations, threaten American democracy with xenophobic influence in an age of unmediated communication. Thus, the frequent imagery of “us” versus “them” has exasperated religious tensions between Judeo-Christian faith groups and religious minorities.

In the wake of the United States Supreme Court’s decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, corporate media entities are now able to control the news and the newsmaker, with free speech that has become very costly. Indeed, empirical studies and research show that media has misused its trusted status as the proverbial “fourth branch of government,” because of capitalism and consumerism. Moreover, in an effort to increase ratings and associated advertising dollars, media has reinforced stereotypes by marketing and essentially selling fear as part of the War on Terror. The authors seek to prove their thesis by emphasizing the historical significance of the First Amendment’s individual protections, examining deregulation and the media’s profit-making interests, and criticizing the Citizens United decision as creating an inherent conflict of interest for media corporations, considering their proven interest in “selling” news for pecuniary gain.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 58

Keywords: law and religion, xenophobia, media law, Islam, 9/11, race and society, racial and religious profiling

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Date posted: May 27, 2012 ; Last revised: July 3, 2012

Suggested Citation

Augustine, Jonathan C. and Augustine, Roslyn Satchel, Religion, Race and the Fourth Estate: Xenophobia in the Media Ten Years after 9/11 (May 26, 2012). Tennessee Journal of Race, Gender & Social Justice, Vol. 1, Issue 1, pp. 1-56, 2012. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2067220

Contact Information

Jay Augustine (Contact Author)
United Theological Seminary ( email )
4501 Denlinger Road
Dayton, OH 45426
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.united.edu
Roslyn Satchel Augustine
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Feedback to SSRN


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