Migration and Regional Convergence in the European Union
Austrian Institute of Economic Research (WIFO)
Vienna University of Economics - Institute for European Affairs/Department of Economics
January 11, 2012
WIFO Working Papers, No. 419
We offer an empirical, econometric analysis of the impact of migration on the EU 27's NUTS-2 regions in the period 2000-2007. While our results indicate that migration had no statistical impact on regional unemployment in the EU it had a significant impact on both per-capita GDP and productivity. The coefficients suggest that a 1 percent increase in immigration to immigration regions increased per-capita GDP by about 0.02 percent and productivity by about 0.03 percent. For emigration regions a 1 percent increase in the emigration rate leads to a reduction of 0.03 percent in per-capita GDP and 0.02 percent in productivity. Since immigration regions are also often regions with above-average GDP and productivity while emigration regions in Europe practically all have below-average GDP, migration seems to induce divergence rather than convergence.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 35
Keywords: Migration, Convergence, Unemployment
JEL Classification: O15, O18, R23, R11working papers series
Date posted: June 4, 2012
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