Getting Rid of Paper: Savings from Check 21
David B. Humphrey
Florida State University - Department of Finance
Robert M. Hunt
Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia
FRB of Philadelphia Working Paper No. 12-2
The authors estimate the cost savings to the U.S. payment system resulting from implementing Check 21. This legislation initially permitted a paper substitute digital image of a check, and later an electronic digital image of a check, to be processed and presented for payment on a same-day basis. Check 21 has effectively eliminated the processing and presentment of original paper checks over multiple days. By shifting to electronic collection and presentment, the Federal Reserve reduced its per item check processing costs by over 70 percent, reducing estimated overall payment system costs by $1.16 billion in 2010. In addition, payment collection times and associated float fell dramatically for collecting banks and payees with consequent additional savings in firm working capital costs of perhaps $1.37 billion and consumer benefits of $0.64 billion.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 28
Keywords: Check 21, checks, electronic payment
JEL Classification: G28, G21working papers series
Date posted: June 7, 2012
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