Agroterrorism and Ecoterrorism: A Survey of Indo-American Approaches Under Law and Policy to Prevent and Defend Against These Potential Threats Ahead
Kevin H. Govern
Ave Maria School of Law; California University of Pennsylvania; CUNY, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Florida Coastal Law Review Vol. X:223, 2009
“Agroterrorism is a subset of bioterrorism, and is defined as the deliberate introduction of an animal or plant disease with the goal of generating fear, causing economic losses, and/or undermining social stability.” Its partner in crime is ecoterrorism, “the use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by an environmentally-oriented, subnational group for environmental political reasons, or aimed at an audience beyond the target, often of a symbolic nature.” Furthermore, “[a]s recently as June 2004, the FBI designated ‘eco-terrorism’ . . . as the [U.S.’] number one militant challenge emanating from inside its own borders.”
This article will survey such efforts in India and the U.S., with the suggestion of a three-pronged, combined, interagency approach to preventing agroterrorist and ecoterrorist attacks, enabling both nations to forge ahead in this critical effort.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 39
Keywords: Agroterrorism, Ecoterrorism, Agro-Terrorism, Eco-Terrorism, Terrorism, National Security, Law and Religion, India, United States, Law and Policy, Counterterrorism, Countering Terrorism
JEL Classification: H56
Date posted: June 26, 2012
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