Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2093681
 
 

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Jurisdiction, Crime, and Development: The Impact of Public Law 280 in Indian Country


Valentina P. Dimitrova-Grajzl


Virginia Military Institute

Peter Grajzl


Washington and Lee University - Department of Economics

A. Joseph Guse


Washington and Lee University - Williams School of Commerce, Economics, and Politics

April 1, 2013


Abstract:     
Public Law 280 transferred jurisdiction over criminal and civil matters from the federal to state governments in selected parts of Indian country. Where enacted, the law fundamentally altered the pre-existing legal order. Public Law 280 thus provides a unique opportunity to study the impact of legal institutions and their change on socio-economic outcomes. The law's controversial content has attracted interest from legal scholars. However, empirical studies of its impact are scarce and do not address the law's endogenous nature. We examine the law's impact on crime and on economic development in U.S. counties with significant American Indian reservation population. To address the issue of selection of areas subject to Public Law 280, our empirical strategy draws on the law's politico-historical context. We find that the application of Public Law 280 increased crime and lowered incomes. The law's adverse impact is robust and noteworthy in magnitude.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 59

Keywords: Public Law 280, jurisdiction, crime, economic development, Indian country

JEL Classification: H10, K42, O17, P48

working papers series


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Date posted: June 26, 2012 ; Last revised: April 2, 2013

Suggested Citation

Dimitrova-Grajzl, Valentina P. and Grajzl, Peter and Guse, A. Joseph, Jurisdiction, Crime, and Development: The Impact of Public Law 280 in Indian Country (April 1, 2013). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2093681 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2093681

Contact Information

Valentina P. Dimitrova-Grajzl
Virginia Military Institute ( email )
Department of Economics and Business
Scott Shipp Hall
Lexington, VA 24450
United States
Peter Grajzl (Contact Author)
Washington and Lee University - Department of Economics ( email )
Lexington, VA 24450
United States
HOME PAGE: http://home.wlu.edu/~grajzlp/
A. Joseph Guse
Washington and Lee University - Williams School of Commerce, Economics, and Politics ( email )
Lexington, VA 24450
United States
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