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http://ssrn.com/abstract=2095334
 
 

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Deference in Investment Treaty Arbitration: Re-Conceptualizing the Standard of Review Through Comparative Public Law


Stephan W. Schill


Max Planck Institute for International Law

June 28, 2012

Society of International Economic Law (SIEL), 3rd Biennial Global Conference

Abstract:     
The standard of review to be applied by investment treaty tribunals when reviewing host state conduct is a crucial, but still insufficiently analyzed issue. Although tribunals frequently make reference to “deference” as the applicable standard, the criteria they apply to concretize that concept remain uncertain and little predictable. What is more, the conceptual foundations of granting deference to host states are opaque. The present paper focuses on these foundations and argues that they are intrinsically connected to how investment treaty arbitration is qualified as either a form of commercial arbitration, a means to settle disputes under public international law, or as an internationalized form of judicial review in public law disputes. Siding with the latter, the present paper proposes to conceptualize the standard of review within a separation of powers framework that fuses domestic and international legal considerations in allocating power between states and arbitral tribunals. Within this framework, considerations originating from both international dispute settlement and comparative public law interact to determine and concretize the standard of review.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 28

Keywords: investment treaties, investment treaty arbitration, regulatory measures, review, standard of review, deference, comparative public law, separation of powers, international dispute settlement

JEL Classification: F02, F10, F20, F30, F40

working papers series


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Date posted: June 30, 2012  

Suggested Citation

Schill, Stephan W., Deference in Investment Treaty Arbitration: Re-Conceptualizing the Standard of Review Through Comparative Public Law (June 28, 2012). Society of International Economic Law (SIEL), 3rd Biennial Global Conference. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2095334 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2095334

Contact Information

Stephan W. Schill (Contact Author)
Max Planck Institute for International Law ( email )
Im Neuenheimer Feld 535
69120 Heidelberg, 69120
Germany
HOME PAGE: http://www.mpil.de
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