Prosecutor Elections, Mistakes, and Appeals

Bryan C. McCannon

West Virginia University - College of Business & Economics

July 3, 2012

7th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper

Public prosecutors exercise a significant amount of discretion in the criminal justice system. In the U.S. the dominant form of accountability is that prosecutors must be re-elected by the voters. Recent empirical work illustrates that election concerns open up the potential for distortion in the decisionmaking of prosecutors. Specifically, it has been shown that prosecutors take more cases to trial and plea bargain less when running for re-election. This effect is magnified when the incumbent is challenged. Does this hawkish behavior of prosecutors lead to inaccuracies in the criminal justice system? A panel data set of appellate decisions in western New York is analyzed. It is shown that if the initial felony conviction takes place in the six months prior to a re-election and is appealed, then the probability the appellate court upholds the lower court’s decision decreases by 5.1-7.1 percentage points. Thus, the popular election of prosecutors results in inaccurate sentences and wrongful convictions.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 23

Keywords: appeal, election, prosecutor

JEL Classification: K42, H11, D72

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Date posted: July 4, 2012  

Suggested Citation

McCannon, Bryan C., Prosecutor Elections, Mistakes, and Appeals (July 3, 2012). 7th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2099730 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2099730

Contact Information

Bryan C. McCannon (Contact Author)
West Virginia University - College of Business & Economics ( email )
P.O. Box 6025
Morgantown, WV 26506
United States
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