Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2105969
 
 

References (73)



 
 

Citations (10)



 
 

Footnotes (25)



 


 



Pre-Colonial Ethnic Institutions and Contemporary African Development


Stelios Michalopoulos


Brown University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Elias Papaioannou


London Business School; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

July 2012

NBER Working Paper No. w18224

Abstract:     
We investigate the role of deeply-rooted pre-colonial ethnic institutions in shaping comparative regional development within African countries. We combine information on the spatial distribution of ethnicities before colonization with regional variation in contemporary economic performance, as proxied by satellite images of light density at night. We document a strong association between pre-colonial ethnic political centralization and regional development. This pattern is not driven by differences in local geographic features or by other observable ethnic-specific cultural and economic variables. The strong positive association between pre-colonial political complexity and contemporary development obtains also within pairs of adjacent ethnic homelands with different legacies of pre-colonial political institutions.

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Date posted: July 14, 2012  

Suggested Citation

Michalopoulos, Stelios and Papaioannou, Elias, Pre-Colonial Ethnic Institutions and Contemporary African Development (July 2012). NBER Working Paper No. w18224. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2105969

Contact Information

Stelios Michalopoulos (Contact Author)
Brown University - Department of Economics ( email )
64 Waterman Street
Providence, RI 02912
United States
HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/steliosecon/
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Elias Papaioannou
London Business School ( email )
Sussex Place
Regent's Park
London NW1 4SA
United Kingdom
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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