Managing a Non-Cooperative Supply Chain with Limited Capacity
Rodney P. Parker
University of Chicago Booth School of Business
The Stephen M. Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan
August 1, 2011
Operations Research, Vol. 59, No. 4 (2011) 866-881
We consider a two-stage serial supply chain with capacity limits, where each installation is operated by managers attempting to minimize their own costs. A multiple-period model is necessitated by the multiple stages, capacity limits, stochastic demand, and the explicit consideration of inventories. With appropriate salvage value functions, a Markov equilibrium policy is found. Intuitive profit dominance allows for existence of a unique equilibrium solution, which is shown to be a modified echelon base-stock policy. This equilibrium policy structure is sustained in the infinite horizon. A numerical study compares the behavior of the decentralized system with the first-best integrated capacitated system. The performance of this decentralized system relative to the integrated system across other parameters can be very good over a broad range of values. This implies that an acceptable system performance may be attained without the imposition of a contract or other coordinating mechanism, which themselves may encounter difficulties in implementation in the form of negotiation, execution, or enforcement of these agreements. We find instances where tighter capacities may actually enhance channel efficiency. We also examine the effect of capacity utilization on the system suboptimality.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 33
Keywords: inventory, capacity, supply chain, competition, Markov games
JEL Classification: C60, C61, C62, C69, C70, C72, C73, C79, D24, L10, L11, L22, L60, L68, L62, M10, M11Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: July 27, 2012
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