SAA II: Abuse of Dominance in the South African Skies
Chief Economist Team, DG Competition, European Commission; University of Navarra, IESE Business School
January 31, 2013
Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Forthcoming
This article reviews a recent abuse of dominance decision against the incumbent domestic airline in South Africa (SAA). This case placed significant emphasis on the economic impact of the abusive conduct, and it represents a clear example of the adoption of an effects-based approach to assess exclusionary behavior by a dominant firm. As this paper sets out, given the features of SAA’s conduct and of the relevant market context, it is also possible to identify a coherent economic framework which can explain why SAA’s rivals could not profitably match its incentive schemes and were therefore foreclosed. The conceptual issues raised by the SAA case are similar to the ones at stake in the landmark judgments on British Airways. The lessons from this case are therefore relevant to ongoing antitrust debate on loyalty discounts.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26
Keywords: abuse of dominance, loyalty schemes, foreclosure
JEL Classification: L41
Date posted: July 29, 2012 ; Last revised: May 24, 2013
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