Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2120120
 
 

References (83)



 


 



Do Mandatory Seat Belt Laws Affect Socioeconomic Inequalities in Seat Belt Use?


Sam Harper


McGill University - Epidemiology, Biostatistics, & Occupational Health

Erin Strumpf


McGill University - Department of Economics; McGill University - Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health

Scott Burris


Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law

George Davey Smith


affiliation not provided to SSRN

John Lynch


University of South Australia

July 30, 2012


Abstract:     
We investigated the effect of mandatory seat belt laws on socioeconomic differences in seat belt use. We identified the differential effect of legislation across socioeconomic groups using a difference-in-difference-in-differences model based on state variations in the timing of the passage of laws. Seat belt laws consistently reduced educational and income gaps, with the smallest differences between socioeconomic groups observed among states that do not require any other violation to issue a citation for seat belt non-use (primary enforcement). Our results imply that existing socioeconomic differences in seat belt use would be further mitigated if all states upgraded to primary enforcement.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 43

Keywords: safety legislation, health behaviors, health inequalities

JEL Classification: I18, K32, I00

working papers series





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Date posted: July 31, 2012  

Suggested Citation

Harper, Sam and Strumpf, Erin and Burris, Scott and Davey Smith, George and Lynch, John, Do Mandatory Seat Belt Laws Affect Socioeconomic Inequalities in Seat Belt Use? (July 30, 2012). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2120120 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2120120

Contact Information

Sam Harper (Contact Author)
McGill University - Epidemiology, Biostatistics, & Occupational Health ( email )
1020 Pine Avenue West
Montreal, QC H3A 1A2
Canada
+1 (514) 398-2856 (Phone)
+1 (514) 398-4503 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.medicine.mcgill.ca/epidemiology/harper
Erin Strumpf
McGill University - Department of Economics ( email )
855 Sherbrooke Street West
Montreal, QC H3A 2T7
CANADA
McGill University - Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health ( email )
Montreal
United States
Scott C. Burris
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law ( email )
1719 N. Broad Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States
215-204-6576 (Phone)
215-204-1185 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.temple.edu/lawschool/phrhcs/index.html
George Davey Smith
affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )
No Address Available
John Lynch
University of South Australia ( email )
37-44 North Terrace, City West Campus
Adelaide, South Australia 5001
Australia
Feedback to SSRN


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