Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2120614
 


 



Eradicating the Mothering Effect: Women as Workers and Mothers, Successfully and Simultaneously


Rona Kaufman Kitchen


Duquesne University - School of Law

2011

Wisconsin Journal of Law, Gender & Society, Vol. 26 2011
Duquesne University School of Law Research Paper No. 2012-09

Abstract:     
In the United States, the need for federal legislation to address work-family conflict has never been more pressing. Mothers are the primary caretakers of their children even while they participate in the paid market in record numbers. However, because the workplace is designed to accommodate the needs of the traditional male, mothers often face distinct challenges when combining their paid market and care work. For example, middle-class families are working longer hours than ever before, over 70 percent of mothers participate in the paid labor market, and mothers earn 30 percent less than their male counterparts. Meanwhile, two-thirds of mothers have no federally protected job leave and the U.S. remains one of the only countries in the world that fails to guarantee any paid maternity leave. As a result, work-family conflict is a reality for most working mothers and combining paid market work with mothering, successfully and simultaneously, is a goal for many millions of America’s mothers. This article asserts that federal legislation to address work-family conflict and enable mothers to combine their paid market work with their family care work should be adopted because mothering is of significant value to individuals, families, and society at large. To that end, this article draws on anthropological, psychological, and sociological studies, in addition to governmental data, popular books and articles, and legal scholarship to prove that mothering is of value and that acknowledging its value is of central theoretical significance to the legal discourse surrounding work, family, and gender.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 47

Keywords: women, work, family, employment, mother, feminist, discrimination, caregiving, family responsibilities

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Date posted: August 7, 2012  

Suggested Citation

Kitchen, Rona Kaufman, Eradicating the Mothering Effect: Women as Workers and Mothers, Successfully and Simultaneously (2011). Wisconsin Journal of Law, Gender & Society, Vol. 26 2011; Duquesne University School of Law Research Paper No. 2012-09. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2120614

Contact Information

Rona Kaufman Kitchen (Contact Author)
Duquesne University - School of Law ( email )
600 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15282
United States

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