Squeezing Claims: Refusals to Deal, Essentials Facilities, and Price Squeezes
University of Arizona
University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law
August 19, 2013
Oxford Handbook on International Antitrust Economics, Forthcoming
Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 12-24
Antitrust squeezing claims may arise whenever unilateral or collective actions of some market participants cripple the ability of other market participants to compete effectively. One set of squeezing claims refer to restrictions on trade in intermediate products that are needed for production. Such claims essentially ask courts to craft duties to deal, which in turn raise many philosophical and ideological objections and their enforcement can be costly. We offer a framework for the understanding of squeezing claims that involve refusals to deal and unfavorable contractual terms.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 19
Keywords: Antitrust, Refusal to Deal, Essential Facility, Price Squeezes, Group Boycott, Duty to Deal
JEL Classification: K21, L40, L41, L42, L51Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: August 1, 2012 ; Last revised: August 19, 2013
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