Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=2125168
 
 

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Child Abuse Reporting: Rethinking Child Protection


Susan C. Kim


Georgetown University Law Center; Georgetown University - The O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

Lawrence O. Gostin


Georgetown University - Law Center - O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

July 4, 2012

JAMA, Vol. 308, pp. 37-38, 2012
Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 12-114

Abstract:     
The general public has been bewildered by the magnitude of sex abuse cases and the widespread failure by pillars of the community to notify appropriate authorities. The crime of sexually abusing children is punishable in all jurisdictions and this article examines the duty to report suspected cases by individuals in positions of trust over young people, such as in the church or university sports. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) defines child maltreatment as an act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caregiver that results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse, or exploitation, and establishes minimum federal standards. Each state has its own definitions of maltreatment and every state identifies persons who are required to report child abuse. As such, state law is highly variable in defining who has a mandatory duty to report, and clergy and other individuals in close supervision of children (e.g., athletic coaches, scout leaders, volunteers in religious programs, and university officials) may necessarily hold such duty.

The article outlines why there are strong moral reasons the law should require all adults in close supervision of children to report any individual who they have good reason to believe has abused a child and moreover outlines how to ensure prompt reporting of abuse, while still ensuring that respected individuals are not falsely accused.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 3

Keywords: child abuse reporting, child protection, Catholic Church, Penn State

JEL Classification: K00, K30, K39, K14

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Date posted: August 8, 2012 ; Last revised: August 31, 2012

Suggested Citation

Kim, Susan C. and Gostin, Lawrence O., Child Abuse Reporting: Rethinking Child Protection (July 4, 2012). JAMA, Vol. 308, pp. 37-38, 2012; Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 12-114. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2125168

Contact Information

Susan C. Kim (Contact Author)
Georgetown University Law Center ( email )
600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States
Georgetown University - The O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law ( email )
600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States
Lawrence O. Gostin
Georgetown University - Law Center - O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law ( email )
600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States
202-662-9038 (Phone)
202-662-9055 (Fax)
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