Performance Responses To Competition Across Skill-Levels In Rank Order Tournaments: Field Evidence and Implications For Tournament Design
Harvard Business School - Strategy Unit
Karim R. Lakhani
Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group; Harvard University - Berkman Center for Internet & Society; Harvard Institute for Quantitative Social Science
Michael E. Menietti
Harvard-NASA Tournament Laboratory
January 13, 2015
Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 14-014
Tournaments are widely used in the economy to organize production and innovation. We study individual data on 2,775 contestants in 755 software algorithm development contests with random assignment. The performance response to added contestants varies non-monotonically across contestants of different abilities, precisely conforming to theoretical predictions. Most participants respond negatively, while the highest-skilled contestants respond positively. In counterfactual simulations, we interpret a number of tournament design policies (number of competitors, prize allocation and structure, number of divisions, open entry) and assess their effectiveness in shaping optimal tournament outcomes for a designer.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 51
Keywords: Tournaments, contests, platforms, innovation
JEL Classification: D02, J4, L2, M5
Date posted: August 9, 2012 ; Last revised: January 24, 2015
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