Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=213453
 
 

References (43)



 
 

Footnotes (21)



 


 



Open Regionalism in the Andean Community: Trade Creation and Social Access


Germán G. Creamer


Stevens Institute of Technology - Wesley J. Howe School of Technology Management



Abstract:     
This paper evaluates the open regionalism approach using the case of Ecuador?s trade liberalization and integration to the Andean Community. In the open regionalism view, regional economic agreements are seen as intermediate steps towards integration with the world economy. In a dynamic view of this process it is essential that several social groups, especially micro- and small-size entrepreneurs, have access to the market (social access) based on the increase of their income in order to augment its size. As a result, a regional agreement leads to a situation where there is pure trade creation and social access for low-income groups. The Andean Community shows that integration, by stages, into wider regional agreements seems to be a process that facilitates the promotion of technology-intensive industries and allows for the necessary social and economic transformation to face the world market, especially in the case of Ecuador. At the industry level, the transition of Andean regional exports is from unprotected natural resource and cheap labor-intensive industries to technology-intensive industries, thanks to the diffusion of productivity to the rest of the economy.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 40

Keywords: Trade Liberalization, Open Regionalism, Latin America, Small Producers, Andean Community

JEL Classification: F15, O15, O17

working papers series





Download This Paper

Date posted: April 20, 2000  

Suggested Citation

Creamer, Germán G., Open Regionalism in the Andean Community: Trade Creation and Social Access. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=213453 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.213453

Contact Information

German G. Creamer (Contact Author)
Stevens Institute of Technology - Wesley J. Howe School of Technology Management ( email )
1 Castle Point on Hudson
Hoboken, NJ 07030
United States
2012168986 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.creamer-co.com

Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,255
Downloads: 272
Download Rank: 66,291
References:  43
Footnotes:  21

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo6 in 0.297 seconds