Private Regulation, Freedom of Expression and Journalism: Towards a European Approach?

Fabrizio Cafaggi

European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW)

Federica Casarosa

European University Institute - Department of Law

July 16, 2012

EUI Working Papers - LAW 2012/20

The increasing role of electronic media in news and, more generally, in content production is changing the scope and boundaries of the journalism profession and the instruments deployed to regulate the activity. Historically, journalism has primarily been self-regulated. The limits of public legislation, mainly driven by the constitutional constraints posed by the freedom of expression, have created different models of national private regulatory regimes across Europe. Media regulation is a multilevel architecture and national legal systems still play a primary role in designing rules concerning news production. Self-regulation reflects national approaches and varies according to legal and social regulatory cultures. Within the private sphere, different forms of regulation have been implemented reflecting the changing balance between the profession, the industries and the new players which have emerged after the Web revolution. The development of new media poses the following important challenges to that regulatory framework: the criteria to be used to define journalism; the distinction and the boundaries between professional and non-professional journalism; the distinction between commercial and social/not for profit content production.

This essay will examine these challenges looking at practice and litigation in European countries, identifying the different conflicting interests generating this litigation and the (private) regulatory responses. It will explore the differences between professional and industry regulation both within and across media: looking at the national and European or transnational regulatory scope of these regimes.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 47

Keywords: Private regulation, professional journalism, jurisprudence, freedom of expression

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: August 28, 2012 ; Last revised: December 20, 2013

Suggested Citation

Cafaggi, Fabrizio and Casarosa, Federica, Private Regulation, Freedom of Expression and Journalism: Towards a European Approach? (July 16, 2012). EUI Working Papers - LAW 2012/20. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2136613 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2136613

Contact Information

Fabrizio Cafaggi
European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW) ( email )
Via Boccaccio 121 (Villa Schifanoia)
I-50122 Firenze
+39.055.4685.516 / 241 (Phone)
Federica Casarosa (Contact Author)
European University Institute - Department of Law ( email )
Villa La Fonte, via delle Fontanelle 18
50016 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 602
Downloads: 92
Download Rank: 167,877

© 2016 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollobot1 in 2.500 seconds